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SCI论文攻略之摘要写作的一些小技巧

EditSprings | 2018/09/14 16:16:26  | 2391 次浏览

  摘要总结了论文,有利于对文章要点的提炼。所以,论文摘要就像是对一段感情的总结,如若未曾恋爱,总结得总会差强人意。因此,管摘要出现在论文的最前面,但摘要一般应该在文章各主要部分完成后再写。优秀的摘要能有效抓住读者兴趣。开始写作摘要时,可以从IntroductionMaterial and MethodResults and discussion部分中选择整个句子或关键短语,并把它们按逻辑顺序排列。然后着手修改或添加文字。要做到准确、简洁、清楚地表达论文中心内容。句子之间要上下连贯、前后呼应。句型应力求简单,慎用长句。每句话要表达清楚,空泛、笼统、含混之词,即不阅读全文,读者也能获得必要的信息。简单地说,首先从一些简单的背景资料开始,12句话解释为什么要做这项研究及与你研究相关的背景特色(背景与目的);其次简述(12句话)做了什么(目标/基本方法)。不必详述,但必须注明使用的关键技术,然后清楚地简述主要成果或发现(12句话)及重大意义(12句话)。最后一句应为研究结论,为什么结果很重要,强调研究的创新和意义。

摘要写作框架

Statement of

The question asked (present verb tense)

What was done to answer the question (past verb tense)research design, population studies, independent and dependent variables.

Findings that answer the question (past verb tense)- the most important results and evidence (data)presented in a logical order.

The answer to the question (present verb tense).If useful, and where word limit allows, include

One or two sentences of background information (placed at the beginning

An implication or a speculation based on the answer (present verb tense, placed at the end).

 

缩短摘要的方法

  不同的SCI期刊,其摘要的长度有所不同。你有可能会因此而被拒稿,所以当你重新对论文润色或者重投其他SCI期刊时,需要注意,是不是需要缩短摘要,以达到该期刊的要求。一般缩短摘要的方法如下所述。

(1)取消不必要的字句,如“It is reported..,Extensive investigations show that..,The author discusses..,This paper concerned with ......”。

(2)对物理单位及一些通用词可以适当进行简化。

(3)取消或减少背景介绍( background information)

(4)只描述新情况、新内容,过去的研究细节可以取消

(5)作者在文章中谈及的未来计划不纳入摘要。

(6)尽量简化一些措辞和重复的单词

以下是两篇摘要写作范例,小伙伴们可以参考一下。

摘要写作范例-1

Summary

  Notch signaling is broadly used to regulate cell ate decisions. We have identified a gene, rumi, with a temperature-sepsitiye Notch phenotype.At 28-30 rumi clones exhibit a full-blown loss of Notch signaling in all tissues tested. However, at 18 only a mild Notch phenotype is evident. In vivo analyses reveal that the target of Rurhi is the extracellular domain of Notch. Notch accumulates intracellularly and at the cell membrane of rumi cells but fails to be properly cleaved, despite normal binding to Delta. Rumi is an endoplasmic reticulum - retained protein with a highly conserved CAP10 domain. Our studies show that Rumi is a protein O-glucosyltransferase, capable of adding glucose to serine residues in Notch EGF repeats with the consensus CI-X-S-X-P-CSequence.These data indicate that by O-glucosylating Notch in the ER, Rumi regulates its folding and/or trafficking and allows signaling at the Membrane.

                                                                                                                                                  Cell 2018132:24728

 

摘要写作范例-2

Abstract

  Manipulation of single spins is essential for spin-baseer qantum information processing.Electrical control instead of magnetic control is particularly appealing for this purpose, because eleetric fiekds are easy to generate locally on-chip. We experimentally realized coherent control of a single-electron spin in a quantum dot using an osciLating electric field generated by a local gate. The electric field induced coherent transitions(Rabi oscillations) between spin-up and spin-down with 90o rotations as fast as-55 nanoseconds. Qur analysis indicated that the electrically induced spin transitions were mediated by the spin-orbit interaction. Taken together with the recently demonstrated coherent exchange of two neighboring spins, our results establish the feasibility of fully electrical manipulation of spin qubits.

Science2017318(5855):1430-1433

摘要写作范例-3

Abstract

  In primates that are highly sexually dimorphic, males yiten reach maturity later than females, and young adult males do not show the size, morphology, and coloration of mature males. Here we describe extehded male development in a hominin species, Paranthropus robustus. Ranking a large sample of facial remains on the basis of dental wear stages reveals a difference in size and robusticity between young adult and old adult males. Combined with estimates of sexual dimorphism, this pattern suggests that male reproductive strategy focused on monopolizing groups of females, in a manner similar to that of silverback gorillas. However, males appear to have borne a substantial cost in the form of high rates of predation.

Science2017318(5855):1443-144

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