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文献综述literature review怎么写?万能模板+高分句型!

艾德思 | 2023/02/14 16:53:43  | 1282 次浏览

文献综述literature review是毕业论文里最重要的一个部分之一,且是文章的开端部分,可以说literature review写的好,文章给人的第一印象就成功了一半。

今天这篇文章,学姐就要来和大家介绍literature review的写法,结构,以及句型。

第一步:介绍理论背景 (theoretical framework)

在回顾具体的文献前,需要先介绍出你的research topic下的理论背景或模型,因为这是所有literature的foundation!是最fundamental的东西!

第二步. 介绍已有研究 (existing literature)

回顾的时候一定要做到两件事:

1.有重点!

这里注意,虽然是literature review,但一定不是文献的堆积,要be selective!选出最和你研究课题相关的4-5篇文章重点回顾,其他的可以简略的说。

2. 有层次!

不仅单篇文章重要,文章和文章之间的相互关系更重要!所以需要你对阅读的literature进行归纳分类和比对。

例如可以把相同观点(或使用相同研究方法)的文章在一个段落介绍;

同时要突出文献之间的冲突感!因为有了冲突感才能让文献回顾显得有层次,激发读者兴趣往下读!

【已有研究】万能句型

  • Recent evidence suggests that …
  • Extensive/Previous/Prior research has shown that …
  • Previous research has established that …
  • A series of recent studies have indicated that…
  • Studies over the past two decades have provided important information on …
  • There is a growing body of literature that investigates…
  • Ample evidence exists to support the view/hypothesis that…
  • Researchers have become increasingly interested in…
  • … is an emerging research area in the field of …

 

【研究冲突】万能句型

  • The extent to which … has remained controversial.
  • Whether and the extent to which … determines the … is controversial.
  • However, the extent to which the model of … influences … has been under much debate in the field of…. Some … whereas some …
  • There appear to be discrepancies between some of the reported observations.
  • The results on this question are mixed.
  • Research on this issue presents conflicting findings.
  • The literature on __ is less consistent.
  • There is far less consensus as to…

第三步. 介绍research gap

已有的研究回顾完了,就该展现你的研究了。也就是我们必须要回答的why you are doing what you are doing的问题。

  • 现有研究存在哪些问题?
  • 哪些还没有被研究到?
  • 哪些文章你没有被它们的结论convince?
  • 哪些地方你觉得需要被改进?

这都是你的critical thinking,是属于你的精华!

【research gap】万能句型 (缺少前人研究)

  • While/Whist/Although some/extensive/a considerable body of research has been carried out on …, much less is known about…
  • To date, this problem has received little/scant attention in the research literature.
  • The role of … in … is less certain/understudied/poorly understood.
  • So far, however, there has been very little discussion about…
  • In contrast to…, there is much less information about the effects of…

research gap】万能句型 (前人研究缺陷)

  • This seems to be a common problem in…
  • The limitations of … are increasingly apparent.
  • One limitation in … is that…
  • The existing studies have many problems in …
  • The existing accounts fail to resolve/address…
  • Half of the studies evaluated failed to specify…
  • …’s research is not without controversy.

第四步. 介绍当前的研究(the current study)

最后就可以很自然的引出你的study了。这里是一个overview,以及需要再次明确你的research aim。这里应该和第三步的研究断层一致,才能前后呼应。

【research aim】万能句型

  • This study/paper/essay is aimed at…/provides an overview of.../discusses the role of ... in.../investigates the factors that determine…
  • The aim of this study is twofold. The first is to…. The second is to ….

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